Back to the s Fall of the Soviet Union In December ofas the world watched in amazement, the Soviet Union disintegrated into fifteen separate countries. Its collapse was hailed by the west as a victory for freedom, a triumph of democracy over totalitarianism, and evidence of the superiority of capitalism over socialism.
It was a morally ambiguous conflict from the start, ostensibly a war against Communism yet also a war to suppress nationalist self-determination.
The war was rife with paradoxes: Not surprisingly, a profound sense of confusion pervaded the entire conflict: Ever since the end of World War II, the United States and Soviet Union had been in the midst of a worldwide struggle for spheres of influence, each superpower wanting to exert cultural, political, and ideological control over various regions of the globe.
Southeast Asia in general, and Vietnam in particular, were important spheres of influence in the minds of both U.
Baruch should be regarded as the originator of the term "Cold War" within the meaning in which it became universally accepted. Influential author Walter Lippmann wrote many books, including Cold War, which in aided in coining its name. The wartime alliance between the Soviet Union and the United States was a marriage of convenience. The U.S. use of nuclear weapons against Japan during World War II has long been a subject of emotional debate. Initially, few questioned President Truman’s decision to drop two atomic bombs, on. MOVIES (HISTORICAL FILMS) IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER (UNDER CONSTRUCTION -- I'm watching and writing about these movies as fast as I can, but it is going to take awhile.).
The escalation period of the Vietnam War, from tomirrored the Cold War in that the United States and USSR avoided direct conflict—and thereby the possibility of nuclear war—by operating through proxy governments and forces.
Unfortunately for the United States, the U. The United States further antagonized the North Vietnamese by stepping into the power void that France, the former colonial power in Vietnam, had left behind. In its zeal to battle Communism, the United States essentially ended up assuming the hated role of imperial master in Vietnam.
As a result, when the United States sent troops into the territory in the mids, they found a far different situation than any other they had faced up to that point in the Cold War.
Instead of its usual tentative dance of brinksmanship with the USSR, the United States suddenly faced an enemy that believed deeply in its nationalist as well as Communist cause and implacably hated U. Although Lyndon Johnson originally believed that the commitment of U.
By the end of the war, the U.
The ultimate human cost of the Vietnam War was staggering for all sides: The Vietnam War had a tremendous impact on American society and culture, in large part because it was the first American war to be televised.
As a result, the American press played a significant, unforeseen role in the war, especially in the arena of public opinion. The photographs, videos, and opinions of American journalists, coupled with the simple fact that young Americans were dying on foreign soil against an enemy that did not threaten the United States directly, turned much of the American public against the war.
This enormous power of the media and public distrust of the government have been a mainstay of American society ever since. Decades later, the war still figures prominently in American film and literature, and the black granite wall of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.Feb 25, · To lessen the threat of an accidental nuclear war, the United States and the Soviet Union agree to establish a “hot line” communication system between the two nations.
Before September , trade between the United States and the Soviet Union had been conducted primarily through the Soviet Buying Commission in the United States.
Lend-Lease was the most visible sign of wartime cooperation between the United States and the Soviet Union. Cold War: Worldwide, opposing the United States and the NATO Nuclear war was frequently threatened, but never realized.
In , the Soviet Union established the Warsaw Pact in response to the creation of NATO in –49 Berlin Blockade: Berlin: The first of many Cold War standoffs as the Soviet Union sealed Berlin from outside access.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Historians do not fully agree on the dates, but a common timeframe is the period between , the year the Truman Doctrine, a U.S. The Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany on 23 August In addition to stipulations of non-aggression, the treaty included a secret protocol that divided territories of Romania, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Belarus, Ukraine, and Finland into German and Soviet "spheres of influence", anticipating potential "territorial .
The East was the Soviet Union and its countries of influence and the West included the United States and their allies, the major ones being Canada, France, Britain, and Japan. The War involved the use of expensive resources on both of these sides.