Indian subcontinent According to the Oxford English Dictionarythe term "subcontinent" signifies a "subdivision of a continent which has a distinct geographical, political, or cultural identity" and also a "large land mass somewhat smaller than a continent". Lukacs"the Indian Subcontinent occupies the major landmass of South Asia",  while the political science professor Tatu Vanhanen states, "the seven countries of South Asia constitute geographically a compact region around the Indian Subcontinent". History of South Asia and History of India Ancient era The history of core South Asia begins with evidence of human activity of Homo sapiensas long as 75, years ago, or with earlier hominids including Homo erectus from aboutyears ago. Buddhism spread beyond south Asia, through northwest into Central Asia.
Definition and boundaries of Asia The land mass of Asia is not the sum of the land masses of each of its regions, which have been defined independently of the whole. For example, the borders of Central Asia and the Middle East depend on who is defining them and for what purpose.
These varying definitions are not generally reflected in the map of Asia as a whole; for example, Egypt is typically included in the Middle East, but not in Asia, even though the Middle East is a division of Asia. The border with Europe starts with the coast of the eastern Mediterranean, even though Turkey in the Near East extends partly into the Aegean Islands and includes Istanbul on the European side of the Bosphorus.
On the north the boundary between the continents of Asia and Europe is commonly regarded as running through the Dardanellesthe Sea of Marmarathe Bosporusthe Black Seathe Caucasus Mountainsthe Caspian Seathe Ural River to its source, and a long border generally following the eastern side of the Ural Mountains to the Kara SeaRussia.
The Arctic Ocean is the northern border. On the southeast of Asia are the Malay Peninsula the limit of mainland Asia and Indonesia "Isles of India", the former East Indiesa vast nation among thousands of islands on the Sunda Shelflarge and small, inhabited and uninhabited.
Australia nearby is a different continent. Most of the islands in the Indian Ocean are Asian. Overall dimensions[ edit ] Different sources give different estimates of the area enclosed by the imaginary border of Asia.
The map surface of mainland Asia is entirely contained within a Geodetic quadrangle formed from segments of latitude going through its north and south extremes and segments of longitude passing through the east and west extremes.
Indonesia to the southeast, a nation consisting of thousands of islands, adds a significant amount of territory to mainland Asia and extends the extreme Asian latitude further south.
The geographic nature of the country raises such questions as whether the sea and the seabed count as Asia. The Australia—Indonesia border is still being negotiated.
|Difference between North America and South America||Ancient era[ edit ] The history of core South Asia begins with evidence of human activity of Homo sapiensas long as 75, years ago, or with earlier hominids including Homo erectus from aboutyears ago. Buddhism spread beyond south Asia, through northwest into Central Asia.|
|Introduction||Genetic research has shown that all indigenous peoples of the Americas are descended from the same ancestral group except for the Arctic peoples the Eskimo and Aleutwho descend from a second migrant wave.|
Currently a treaty remains unratified. As there are questions of fishing rights in the waters and mineral rights in the seabed, two different boundaries are being negotiated, one for the water column and one for the seabed. Views of Asia[ edit ] The geographical or traditional view[ edit ] Medieval Europeans considered Asia as a continenta distinct landmass.
The European concept of the three continents in the Old World goes back to classical antiquity. Definition of continents has long been and remains primarily the realm of geographersincluding cultural geographers as well as physical geographers.
The three-continent system was an idea devised in Archaic Greecea time of Greek colonial expansion and trade throughout the Mediterranean and the spread of writing again. Writing is a prerequisite of written geography.
It had been lost during the preceding Greek Dark Agesa period of piracy at sea and defensive parochialism on land. The preceding Mycenaean Greece left scant record of some serving women from a locality in the later Asia Minor called Asia.
Europe was mainly Greece, while Libya was a small region to the west of Egypt. There was no systematic definition of "continent;" however, the Greek mariners did make a distinction that was to become one: In Latin it became continens terra, "the continuous land," shortened to just continens, stem continent.
Most ships of the Archaic Period were not ocean-going. They followed the shores closely, ready to put in at the first sign of trouble. It is not surprising that the first continents were "shores," as they are in Herodotusfirst historian whose works are extant, who relies on earlier geography now missing except for fragments.
Asia is defined by two akrai, "bluffs" or "shores. The second runs from Phoenicia to the Red Sea the ancient Red Sea comprised also the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean and from there to India, after which "no man can say what sort of region it is.
Asia is equal to its shores, which also define Europe and Libya. The northern shore runs eastward along the line if the Phasis and Araxes Rivers ; that is, south of the Caucasus Mountainsand around the south of the Caspian Sea.
The southern shore continues the Red Sea and the Nile River, as Darius had constructed a canal between them. This division and system was already in place before Herodotus.
He professes not to understand it: He says that an alternate northern border is the mouth of the Don River. The key is the coast-hugging requirement of most ancient navigation. As the ancient navigator passed under the Rock of Gibraltar on his way into the Mediterranean Sea "our sea" to those who lived theretwo paths appeared to him, the north shore or the south shore.The next fastest-growing area is South Asia.
The growth rate in the region’s largest country, India, though high, fell significantly during the s, as did that in Bangladesh, although Pakistan maintained a somewhat higher rate of growth.
The modelling also suggests that large parts of south Asia (e.g. northern, mid and south India, north east Pakistan and most of Bangladesh) experience equivalent, if not higher (up to 50–90 ppb M7) O 3 concentrations compared to the study locations.
The North and South American regions and South Asia exhibit a number of differences and similarities, when considering the ways of life of people, such as belief . South Asia has landlocked countries while Southeast Asia has none Almost all of South Asia has been governed by Britain at one time or another while Southeast Asia has been governed by other countries as well, such as the dutch South Asia has a far larger population then Southeast Asia Both regions.
South Asia has regained its lead as the fastest growing region in the world, supported by recovery in India. With the right mix of policies and reforms, growth is expected to accelerate to percent in and percent next year.
The more common school follows historical convention and treats Europe and Asia as different continents, categorizing East Asia, South Asia, and the Middle East as specific regions for more detailed analysis.